Kerman


Kerman 

Kerman is a city in Iran. It is the center of Kermān Province (which is the second largest province in Iran). Located in a large and flat plain, this city is located 1,076 km (669 mi) south of Tehran, the capital of Iran.

Kerman city had an estimated population of 533,799 in 2005.Kerman was founded as a defensive outpost, with the name Behdesīr, by Ardeshir I, founder of the Sassanid Empire, in the 3rd century AD. After the Battle of Nahāvand in 642, the city came under Muslim rule. At first the city's isolation allowed Kharijites and Zoroastrians to thrive there, but the Kharijites were wiped out in 698, and the population was mostly Muslim by 725. Already in the eighth century the city was famous for its manufacture of cashmere wool shawls and other textiles. The Abbasid Caliphate's authority over the region was weak, and power passed in the tenth century to the Buyid dynasty, which maintained control even when the region and city fell to Mahmud of Ghazna in the late tenth century. The name Kerman was adopted at some point in the tenth century.

Kerman was under the Seljuk Turks in the 11th and 12th centuries, but remained virtually independent, conquering Oman and Fars. When Marco Polo visited the city in 1271 it had become a major trade emporium linking the Persian Gulf with Khorasan and Central Asia. Subsequently, however, the city was sacked many times by various invaders. Kerman expanded rapidly during the Safavid Dynasty. Carpets and rugs were exported to England and Germany during this period.

In 1793 Lotf Ali Khan defeated the Qajars and in 1794 captured Kerman. But soon, he was besieged in Kerman for six months by Agha Mohammad Khan. When the city fell to Agha Mohammad Khan, angered by the popular support that Lotf Ali Khan had received, all the male inhabitants were killed or blinded, and a pile was made out of 20,000 detached eyeballs and poured in front of the victorious Agha Muhammad Khan. The women and children were sold into slavery, and the city was destroyed over ninety days.

The present city of Kerman was rebuilt in the 19th century to the northwest of the old city, but the city did not recover to its former size until the 20th century.Most of the population of Kerman are Persians and Shi'a Muslims. But Kerman also has a small but culturally significant Zoroastrian minority. Balochis living in Kerman as the second largest ethnicity and are predominantly Sunni.The population of the city in 1996 was 385,000 and the current population is 533,799

 

 


Related news items:
Newer news items:
  • 08/08/2011 16:42 - Tehran
  • 06/08/2011 17:09 - Noor
Older news items:

 http://www.adestinationtravel.com/image.php?image=/images/advert/Bot_Cn65yO_9XOY.jpg&width=230&height=133

 http://t2.gstatic.com/images?q=tbn:ANd9GcQ59KHe83phz126rzqwhrzRl2PIbYlUKk6nt0Q7VFGVuXHQ3Cx1NA

kish

 


Ads on: Special HTML

New

Tehran
  Tehran is the capital of Iran and Tehran Province. With a population of 8,429,807;  it is also Iran's largest urban area and city, one of the largest cities in Western Asia, and...
Read more...
Noor Noor
  Noor is a city in northern Iran on the Caspian sea coast. It was previously called Suldeh. It is one of the oldest cities of west Mazandaran Province. It derives its name from Noor County, of...
Read more...
Kerman Kerman
  Kerman is a city in Iran. It is the center of Kermān Province (which is the second largest province in Iran). Located in a large and flat plain, this city is located 1,076 km (669 mi) south...
Read more...
Reyneh Reyneh
Reyneh, with a latitude of 35.9 (35° 54' 10 N) and a longitude of 52.19 (52° 11' 32 E), is a populated place located in Iran that is a part of Middle East. Reyneh is situated 440 kilometers...
Read more...
Shiraz
Shiraz is the sixth most populous city in Iran and is the capital of Fars Province, the city's 2009 population was 1,455,073. Shiraz is located in the southwest of Iran on the Roodkhaneye Khoshk...
Read more...
Joomla Templates and Joomla Extensions by ZooTemplate.Com

Top Destinations

Tehran ...
Kerman ...
Shiraz ...
Reyneh ...
Noor ...
IranIranIranIranIranIranIran